When the cells in the thyroid nodules grow around the thyroid glands, lumps are formed in the front of the neck. This results in them becoming benign or malignant. Here we explore these lumps and how to check them.
This condition tends to affect more women than men. In fact, around five percent of women and 1 percent of men are affected, though the risk increases with age. You can detect nodules or lumps by touching them or you may notice them in the mirror, but most of them go unseen. If you see any changes in your body, it’s best to get the issue checked out.
If you find anything abnormal, you should consult a doctor immediately. They will be able to do certain tests, such as a thyroid sonogram to check if the nodules are benign. Your doctor will be able to tell you the correct treatment. If it is determined early on what type of lump it is, it will ease your mind.
Thyroid nodules can be:
- cystic – When they contain liquid
- solid – When they are formed mainly by cellular tissue
- a mixture of the two – and possibly contain calcium, etc.
In nine out of ten cases (according to the American Thyroid Association), the lumps are benign. The most effective way to determine if a lump is benign or malignant is with a sonogram. This test requires a very thin needle being inserted and puncturing the nodule area.
The sample taken is examined, though if the sample is inadequate then the process may be repeated. This procedure is not painful. The radiologist and cytologist will offer a definite diagnosis that must be reviewed by the doctor that requested the test. The correct treatment will then be able to begin.
It is important not to overlook any abnormal symptoms that suddenly appear. Make sure you check any lumps on your body. If you are unsure then it is best to contact your doctor as they will be able to assist you and ease your mind. This is an effective way to prevent a serious disease as detecting a lump early provides a greater chance of eradicating it.